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      November

      Topaz & Citrine

      Those with November birthdays have two beautiful birthstones to choose from: topaz and citrine. Topaz comes in a rainbow of colors; citrine is prized for its charming yellow and orange hues. Both November birthstones are known to have calming energies while bringing fortune and warmth to the wearer. 

      Topaz

      The variety of topaz hues includes colorless, light blue, yellow, orange, pink, violet, brown and, very rarely, red.

      Some believe the word “topaz” comes from the Sanskrit word tapas, which means “fire.” 

      The ancient Greeks believed that topaz gave them strength. From the 1300s to the 1600s, Europeans thought it could thwart magic spells and dispel anger. For centuries, many people in India have believed that topaz worn above the heart assures long life, beauty and intelligence.

      Topaz is an 8 on the Mohs scale of hardness, but it has poor toughness, so care is required to avoid chipping or cracking. To clean this November birthstone, do not use steam cleaning or ultrasonic cleaners. Warm, soapy water works best.

      Blue topaz is the gem of the fourth wedding anniversary, and Imperial topaz is the gem of the 23rd wedding anniversary.

      Citrine

      This November birthstone is the transparent yellow to brownish orange variety of quartz, which has been used in jewelry for thousands of years.

      Today, most of the citrine in the marketplace results from the heat treatment of amethyst. With its ready availability in a broad range of sizes, citrine birthstone is one of the most affordable and desired yellow gemstones.

      At 7 on the Mohs scale of hardness with good toughness, your citrine birthstone is usually durable enough for normal wear and care. It can be safely cleaned with warm, soapy water.

      Citrine, believed to derive from the French word for “lemon” (citron), is given for the thirteenth wedding anniversary.

      [ Gemological Institute of America Inc.]